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HISTORY OF THE HUMMER



(Courtesy of Lynch Pre-Owned Hummer in St. Louis)

The history Of the HUMMER begins in 1979 with competition for the development of a vehicle to meet the Army's highest standards in a High Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV). As that development race began, Teledyne and Chrysler Defense (later sold to General Dynamics) already had designs on their drawing boards. The proposed Chrysler vehicle was an adapted version of the Saluki desert design. while its Teledyne counterpart sprang from the design of a vehicle known as the Cheetah. Though AM General appeared to be well behind the others, the company moved into this competition with no preconceived design notions, rolled up its sleeves, and soon created an original -- the HUMMER.

AM General's prototype HUMMER went to test in the Nevada desert in July 1980 -- only eleven months from its design board beginnings. This was the first of many breakthroughs that demonstrated the company's know-how and leadership. The Army now had three serious competitors with vehicles under test.

The Army's formal procurement of test vehicles began in February 1981. Six proposals came in from industry and were evaluated against the Army's HMMWV specifications. The three most responsive designs were selected, and in June 1981 contracts were awarded to General Dynamics, Teledyne and AM General. The test vehicles to be acquired from each company included TOW Carriers, Cargo Troop Carriers and Mini and Maxi Ambulance variant.

Army specs were extremely stringent with demands for light armor, deep water fording capability, and Arctic and desert operational ability to name just a few, as well as absolute reliability, durability and maintainability, Vehicle weight constraints called for material application breakthroughs. All of this and just ten months to do it --still another set of challenges for AM General.

Once again AM General proved its mettle when it became the first company to complete its test vehicles. Prototype HUMMERs were delivered to Army proving grounds at Aberdeen and Yuma, and to a test site at Fort Hunter-Liggett in April 1982.

The Army's test phase was scheduled over a five month period after which a call for production proposals would be made from the competing contractors. AM General took that in stride as its HUMMERS were the first vehicles to complete durability testing. The company also came through the rigorous testing with the lightest vehicles and high performance ratings. Clearly, the HUMMER HAD scored as the superior technical offering.

Following AM General's production proposal, these "superior' vehicles were finally awarded the initial HUMMER production contract in March 1983, calling for 55,000 vehicles to be delivered over a five year period.

From tooling up time at AM General's Mishawaka plant to delivery of the first production test vehicles took just six months -- another remarkable achievement for AM General.

With the marketing of the civilian HUMMER, AM General opens the newest and brightest chapter in its history. The world's most durable and most serious 4 x 4 is ready to stretch the American drivers' work and pleasure experience -- for years and years to come.

In December of 1999 AM General sold the Hummer name and the rights to market and distribute Hummer vehicles to General Motors. AM General will continue to Build the original Hummer (now called H1) at the Mishawaka plant. AM General will also build the Hummer H2 in a new state of the art manufacturing facility adjacent to the HMMWV/H1 plant.


History of AM General

(1)1903 - Standard Wheel Company, Terre Haute, Indiana, expanded its bicycle operation to include the overland Automotive Division to manufacture motor vehicles. The Overland "Runabout" was introduced.

(2)1908 - John North Willys purchased the Overland Automotive Company, Indianapolis, Indiana. The Pope-Toledo automobile manufacturing plant was purchased and all automotive operations were moved to Toledo, Ohio.

(3)1912 - Willys-Overland Company was formed, producing the famous Willys-Knight series of vehicles and later the "Whippet.,,

(4)1936 - Willys-Overland Motors, Inc. was formed as a result of a Depression-era bankruptcy reorganization.

(5)April 1953 - Willys-Overland Motors, Inc. (facilities, plants and other physical assets) was purchased by Henry J. Kaiser interests, and Willys Motors, Inc. was formed.

(6)March 1963 - Willys Motors, Inc. name was changed to Kaiser-Jeep Corporation.

(7)March 3. 1964 - As the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana went out of business, Kaiser-Jeep entered into a novation agreement with Studebaker to assume a contract for the manufacture of military trucks. The Chippewa Avenue Studebaker Plant was purchased.

(8)February 5. 1970 - Kaiser-Jeep Corporation was purchased by American Motors Corporation.

(9)March 26, 1970 - Kaiser-Jeep Corporation name was changed to Jeep Corporation. Jeep Corporation operated a Commercial Products Division with facilities at Toledo, Ohio, and a General Products Division with facilities at South Bend, Mishawaka and Indianapolis, Indiana.

(10)May 14, 1970 - Jeep Corporation General Products Division corporate offices were moved from Toledo, Ohio to Wayne, Michigan.

(11)March 31, 1971 - Jeep Corporation General Products Division facilities and business were spun off and a separate wholly-owned subsidiary of American Motors was formed and named AM General Corporation.

(12)February 23, 1979 - AM General Corporation corporate offices were moved from Wayne to Detroit (American Motors AMTEK Building).

(13)September 20, 1983 - AM General Corporation was sold by American Motors to The LTV Corporation, becoming a subsidiary of LTV Aerospace and Defense Company and doing business as LTV Aerospace & Defense Company, AM General Division.

(14)August 20, 1984 - AM General Division corporate offices were moved from the American Motors AMTEK Building to new facilities off Plymouth Road in Livonia, Michigan.

(15)October 1. 1986 - AM General corporate offices were moved to the existing manufacturing facility on Chippewa Avenue in South Bend, Indiana, with the Engineering facility remaining in Livonia, Michigan.

(16)Novemenber 1, 1986 - AM General working name was changed to LTV Missiles & Electronics Group, AM General Division, as a result of a reorganization of LTV Corporation.

(17)February 1, 1990 - AM General working name was changed to LTV Aerospace and Defense Company, AM General Corporation, as a result of a reorganization of LTV Corporation.

(18)February 9. 1990 - AM General corporate offices were moved to a new, leased building on Niles Avenue in downtown South Bend as a result of the closure of the Chippewa Avenue manufacturing facility.

(19)April 30, 1992 - AM General Corporation was sold by LTV Corporation to the Renco Group, Inc.
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With the current discussions about the off road prowess of the h1 and h2, particularly in comparison with the SWB Jeep, I decided to perform a scientific test that would cover all aspects of rock crawling in an honest attempt at finding the limitations of each. I've done just that. Click on either picture to read more
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Have you heard about WAZZ UB

It morphed into MY PERFECT INTERNET



The World Wide Web is the future and it is our VISION to create a PERFECT INTERNET for all.

Nowadays, you have to click and scroll and waste a lot of time to find what you are really looking for. The big search engines, communities and email services collect your data to serve you with tons of unwanted advertising and to sell your data. Your mailbox is full of spam and spyware/malware is always around the corner.

In our VISION, we create a HOME for a GLOBAL FAMILY of users, where your DATA is SAFE and where you find all the USEFUL SERVICES that you need at your fingertips.

Imagine a company that is not only LISTENING to but DRIVEN BY its MEMBERS. A company that is SHARING SUCCESS and CREATING JOBS all around the world...

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Monte Carlo Grand Prix is about the most famous race in the World. The Casino is magical and crowded with the most famous and richest people in the world. All of them gather for one of the major events of the year: the Monaco Formula One Grand Prix, which takes place in the streets of the city. The nights are marvelous: charity dinner or gala organized by the Grimaldi family in its Palace, dancing in night-clubs such as The Living Room, gambling in the Casino.

By Ken Kinlock at kenkinlock@gmail.com

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Banff Backcountry Hummer Tours offer the discerning visitor an opportunity to visit Western Canada's spectacular wilderness areas at their leisure.
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Some of these are well known because of PGA Tour events held there. Pinehurst; The Greenbrier; and Pebble Beach certainly belong in this catagory. Others are located in towns with even more than golf as an attraction. In this Category is The Otesaga in Cooperstown, New York; Basin Harbor Club on Lake Champlain.
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Control towers are used in many industries for different purposes: airports and railroads use them for traffic control; power plants have control rooms to monitor operations; and third party logistics providers use them to track transportation activities. These are places where operations run well. Why not a

“SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT CONTROL TOWER"

in order to monitor and assure your supply? Talk to us, we build them!

So just what is an SCM Control Tower? What are the functions of a Supply Chain Control Tower? Who staffs your Supply Chain Management Control Tower?

If you use an EDI VAN for your business, this message is for you. Move past the ancient VAN technology. JWH EDI Services Electronic Commerce Messaging System will bring your EDI operation into the 21st Century. The power of our global EDI network is available on your server, your cloud platform or your application. AND you cannot beat our prices.
You can connect and communicate with all your customers and trading partners through the JWH EDI Services Electronic Commerce Messaging System - Connect with trading partners around the world on a single Network-as-a-Service platform, get real-time transaction visibility and eliminate those manual network processes. It is a pay as you need model. We track all interchanges from the moment they enter the system, along every step across the network, and through the delivery confirmation.

How can we help you? Contact us: Ken Kinlock at kenkinlock@gmail.com

ec-bp.com The Forum for Supply Chain Integration



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What is a Social Supply Chain?



Social supply chain is using "social media technology" all across the entire supply chain : from supplier's suppliers to customer's customers. It means integration of social media technologies (collaboration, sharing) to connect and encompass the participants across the whole supply chain.

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In addition we are a full service MRO (Maintenance, Repair and Operational Supplies) supplier. If you are in the construction or farming business, we are your source.

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All-time list of railroad names in New York State

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The one source to go to for railroad history.

Even more great railroad links.

See KC Jones BLOG about Railroad History We cover New York Central, New Haven Railroad and other Eastern Railroads. Penney Vanderbilt and KC Jones See Penney Vanderbilt BLOG about Golf and Vacations, especially on the French Riviera We have a lot about Nice, France. Not only do we cover golf on the French Riviera, but also Northwest France, Quebec, Golf Hotels and THE US Open

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